Periodontological treatment is necessary if there is an inflammation of the gumline (gingivitis) caused by bacteria.
Gum inflammation can extend in depth to the jawbone around the teeth. This causes the gums to detach from the teeth. In the space (the pocket) between the gums and the teeth, plaque forms again. Because of this plaque, the inflammation moves even further into the depth. The fibres are broken down by the inflammation and the jawbone is broken down. This makes the pockets deeper. In the deeper pockets the plaque partially calcifies to tartar. This progressive inflammation with degradation of fibers and jaw bone is called periodontitis.
Timely treatment can prevent the loss of teeth.
Through good oral hygiene one can contribute to the healing of periodontitis. In addition, the dental hygienist will remove the plaque and tartar in the sunken pockets by a professional dental cleaning.
The plaque above the gumline needs to be removed every day.
You can brush away the plaque on the surface with a toothbrush. Tools such as brushes and toothpicks can be used to remove plaque between teeth. Your dental hygienist will advise you on the most appropriate tools to use. A combination of good oral hygiene and dental cleaning usually eliminates the inflammation and adheres the healthy gums to the teeth.